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REGION OF MAADID CAPITAL OF HAMMADITES PDF Print E-mail
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Wednesday, 30 July 2008 20:27

The KALAA BENI HAMMAD is a classified monument located about 35km north- east of M'SILA ,in the locality of BICHARA in the municipality of MAADID...
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The KALAA BENI HAMMAD is a classified monument located about 35km north- east of M'SILA ,in the locality of BICHARA in the municipality of MAADID at an altitude of 1000meters on the southern flank of DJEBEL MAAHIA ,in the VALLEY OF OUED FRAJ .

                 This is the first capital of the HAMMADITES whose foundations was in 1007 by HAMMAD the son of It took lime several years to build it. It was endowed with three sumptuous palaces surrounded by a big wall laving several light gates made of cedar wood and covered by bronze.

                 The city quickly witnessed a second to none prosperity. The HAMMADITE extends between the meridian of Algiers and the approaches of the AURES.

HAMMAD died in the year 1020, lies son EL KAID WAS lies successor (1028-1054)

                 On the spot, the KALAA which was surrounded by fortification left indistinctive ruins with the exception of the minaret.

       The ruins were the subject of excavation, a first time in 1908 then were resumed in 1965.

        

 The minaret was that was of a mosque whose dimensions equaled 64m56m for a prayer-room laving close similarities with SIDI OKBA mosque.                                                                    

Several places testify to the light refinement of the powerful HAAMMADITE civilization which is widely admired nowadays.

                  It constitutes the most important and the most interesting patrimony in the region. from an archeological viewpoint, the discovers made during the 1965 excavations consisting in marble sculptures potteries, art metalwork, etc

          They are displayed in the museums ().CONSTANTINE, SETIF, and ALGIERS ) The roman vestiges:

They are numerous in the region: We will cite the vestiges of tar mount and SIDIAMEUR, the fried city of EL GAHRA , the fort of AIN SOCTANE, BOUSSAADA and the vestiges of EL KHERBA.

 

             

 

Last Updated on Monday, 04 July 2011 19:41
 

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