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M'SILA CAPITAL OF HODNA PDF Print E-mail
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Saturday, 07 July 2007 09:54

M'sila occupies a privileged position in the central part of the Northern Algeria.
    It lies between the gates of the capital "Algers" , at less than 240 Km ,and that of the Algerian Saharan region, M'sila in crossed by the road -axis linking Algiers to Biskra and algiers to Djelfa via Bou-Saada.
   It offers the visitors a... 

 

 

M'sila occupies a privileged position in the central part of the Northern Algeria.
    It lies between the gates of the capital "Algers" , at less than 240 Km ,and that of the Algerian Saharan region, M'sila in crossed by the road -axis linking Algiers to Biskra and algiers to Djelfa via Bou-Saada.
   It offers the visitors a wide - range of flavours and colours which they wish discover.
  The mountain chains of the Tellien Atlas to the North, the Hodna mounts and the high plains

The ancient roots of the Hodna.
A very rich region from the historical viewpoint. The human accupation of the
Hodna, dates back to several milleniums, traces are still persisting today, materialised by epipaleothic deposits ,engraving ,prehistoric of the neolithic age.
Numrous Roman vestiges; aqueduct debris, traces of former dams, etc...
This is to testify, that during several centuries, an advanced civilization. exploited the Hodna.
This region was part of the kingdom of Massinissa,many vestiges mark their existence in the locality of Sidi Ameur, Tafza....,in Bou Saada the case of famous "billard"confirms the passage of the war-like Romans.
In the romman era, the Hodna was of a proverbial wealth: however, the waters were rare, Salluste said; it was through a magnificent work of dams and a masterful irrigation system that the cultivation reached a remarkable degree of prosperity

HISTORY OF THE HODNA :

Numerous Roman vestiges, aqueduct debris, water-tanks, traces of former dams have testify, for several centuries, that an advanced civilization exploited the Hodna.

This region was part of the Massinissa kingdom.

-The vandals' invasions in the V century, was made possible with the gradual dismantling of the Roman Empire .

-The vandals chose TOBNA (Magra) and M'sila as the headquarters of the governor.

-The arrival of the Arabs and Islam: In 761, the Hodna was under the Berber kingdom of the TAHERT, in the era of the kharidjists.

In 944-945, a great leader named Ziri saves the Mahdia Kingdom under the reign of El Mehdi, (fatimides domination).

-Bologhine quits the stronghold of Achir, founded by his father in the mounts of the Titteri and settles in Mansouria, a city close to Kairouane.

-He continues the struggle engaged by his father against the Zenata of the central Maghreb and succeeded in defeating in 971-972 the Beni Ifren and the Maghraoua.

-In 973, the fatimide khalife leaves Tunisia for Egypt .

-But under the reign of his son El Mansour, he established in 984-996 the Andalousian authority on northern Morocco .

-The reign of Badis in 996-1016 is marked by the dismembering of the Ziride state following the founding in 1007-1008 of the "Algeria" capital, the Kallaa of Beni Hammad in the Hodna in Bichara in the municipality of the Mahdia  by Hammad, the uncle of Badis.  - The Beni Hammad become autonomous.

- The Hammadide kingdom, extends between the meridian of Algiers and the approaches of the Aures.

- In order to mark his independence, Hammad rejects the Fatimide obedience and establishes an allegiance with the Khalif El ABBASSI.

- He xclusively occupied him and his successors, in doing a police job in the centra Maghreb against their Zenata enemies.

On the other hand, the Ziride Kingdom wintesses a remarkable economic and maritime revival. The Ziride dynasty launches provocation against the Fatimi, notably by banning the circulation of their currency etc…  Two years later, the Vizir of the Fatimide Khalife, avenges this offense by allowing the Arab tribes of the Beni Hilal and Beni Soleim to settle in the rich ifriqiya and this date 1050 constitutes a historic turning-point in the history of the Maghreb .

The kalaa of Beni Hammad welcomed the wealthy city. Dwellers chased away from the Ziride cities by the Hilalian invasion. The latter then gave the Hodna citadel a great prosperity in all fields.

However, in 1090, the Hilalian invasion forced the Hammadit to seek refuge in Bougie, where they tried to reconstitute the monuments of the Kalaa.

But in 1136, Bougie sustains an attack by the Genoits and in 1151, it is taken by Abdel Moumen and that's the end of the Hammadide Kingdom . At the threshold of the XII century, we witness the end of the first period of Muslim Algeria .

It should be noted that the latter had founded or embellished Tahert, Sedrata, Achir, The Kallaa and Bougie.

 

      

El Hodna: Cradle of clture and revolution

    Scholars, men of letters, artists and resistence fighters to french ocupation ,the children of the Hodna are numerous and can all be cited; like theVenerated Cheikh Abdou El Djamelaine, wose sanctuary can be found in Msila...

The architect of the armed November revolution, Mohamed Boudiaf, les to her independence.

The headquarters of the historic VI province, were in the locality of Ezzafrania, today named

Mohamed Boudiaf municipality.

Mohamed Lakhdar Hamina, the film - maker with manifold awards including "chronicles of years of amber".

Mustapha Lachref, writer and playwright,"the man who know how to make the link between the deep country and the universal".

 

M’Sila, crossroads between the north and the south

   M'Sila occupies a privileged position in the central part of the Northern Algeria
It lies between the gates of the capital "Algers" , at less than 240 Km ,and that of the Algerain Saharan region,M'Sila in crossed by the road -axis linking Algiers to Biskra and algiers to Djelfa via Bou Saada.
It offers the visitors a wide - range of flavours and colours which they wish discover.
The mountain chains of the Tellien Atlas to the North, the Hodna mounts and the high plains.
In the middle of these, find the high plains and vast steppic zone, surrounding
the depression of the El Hodna Chott.
The Hodna Chott is a vast lake, in which flow the majority of the waterways and oueds.
It constitutes a natural patrimony, designated humid zone of an international importance.

    

Geographic situation of M’Sila:

    Stemming from the administrative division of 1974, the province of M'Sila is part of the region of the central high plateaux ; it streches over a territory of 18 175 Square Km .

It has agro-pastoral vocation associated to industry and tourism. A population estimated at 982 000 Inhabitants, thas is a density of 54 inhabitants/Sk Km. its territories are organized in 47 municipalities covered by 15 constituencies.
The province is bordering :
In the north , with Bordj Bou Arreridj and Bouira.
In the south ,with Biskra.
In the east , with Batna and Setif .

In the weast Medea and Djelfa .

The territory of the province is included between the following figures :

Latitude : 34° 30' South and 36° North.

Longitude : 3° 30' West and 5° 30' East.

The Relief:

 The territory of the province of M'sila is located in the high plateaux zone, between the two mountainous ranges which are the Tellien atlas and the Saharan atlas. The geographical configuration is as follows:

A mountainous zone on the two sides of the el Hodna chott or waterway.

A central zone essentially comprising plains and high plains

 Comprising within it a depression zone, which constitutes the el Hodna chott in the centre

 East and the Zahrez Chergui chott in the centre West.

A zone of dunes of wind sand.

 
                
          

The climatology:

   Typically continental, subjected partly to Saharan influences; the summer is dry and

very warm and winter is cold.

The Northern limit is distant by 100 Km from the sea, behind the chains of the Tallien

Atlas which constitute a bulwark against maritime influences. On the other hand, the Saharan Atlas is not high enough to protect this part, from the drying influence of the South.

 

 

Last Updated on Thursday, 26 November 2015 14:03
 

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